The Merriam Webster Dictionary, 1998, defines robotics as “technology dealing with the design, construction, and operation of robots”.
Robotics encompasses such diverse areas of technology as mechanical, electrical, and electronic systems; computer hardware; and computer
The Robot Institute of America defines a robot as a programmable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools, or specialized devices, through variable programmed motions, for the performance of a variety of tasks.
Different fields of technology involved in the architecture of robots:
Theory of robots
Sensors and transducer technology
Motors technology (Steppers or DC servo motors)
Motor drive and control
Power semiconductor drive Microelectronics
Computer systems & Computer interfacing
general areas of robotics:
• show or promotional,
• domestic or personal,
• educational, and
Classification of Robots
Numerical Control Robot.
History of Robotics
1922: Rossum’s Universal Robots
1954: First programmable robot
1978: First PUMA robot
1983: Started teaching in Robotics
Advantages of Robots
Increase Productivity, Safety, Efficiency, Quality, and Consistency of products. Work in Hazardous environments and have capabilities beyond that of humans.